844 million people worldwide do not have access to clean drinking water. This not only affects the health of these people but also deprives them of a fair chance in life. How does that work exactly? In this blog we provide more insight into the problems of water scarcity in developing countries.
Clean drinking water is the basis for a good health. That sounds like an open door, but in countries where there is a lack of clean drinking water, people often drink from polluted water sources. After all, you cannot live without water. In addition, these people also often wash themselves and their clothes in the same wells, wherefore these wells get contaminated. This leads to diseases such as diarrhea, worms or cholera, which sometimes even leads to death. Although diarrhea sounds pretty harmless to us, in developing countries it is still the number 1 cause of death among children under the age of 5.
Unfortunately, it often happens that there aren’t any water sources in the area at all. In that case, water has to be collected from a source miles away, which can take upon 6 hours to get there by feet. In that case, collecting water becomes a daily task, which, in most cases, comes down to the women and children. As a result, these women have less time to take care of their children, and the children – mostly girls – cannot go to school.
As describes above, a lack of clean drinking water often leads to drop out in schools, because children get ill or have to get water for their family. As a result, these children do not have the opportunity to develop themselves and have no prospect of a well-paid job. And of course, also adults who get ill because of drinking contaminated water neither can go to work. That is why in areas where water scarcity prevails, people get stuck in poverty. We call this the spiral of poverty.
Access to clean drinking water can break the spiral of poverty. Also, it ensures that some diseases, such as diarrhea, can be easily prevented. That is why access to clean drinking water is also included in the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. These are the goals that should put an end to poverty, inequality and climate change in 2030.
Contributing to a better wold is easier than you think!